What is Epigenetics?
Epigenetics is a term that refers to any kind of environmental influence that doesn't allow your genes to fully express themselves. In particular, in dentistry, we look at midface development and how epigenetics negatively affects this area of development during childhood growth. Epigenetics occurs when the environment negatively affect the genetic outcome to a desired gene expression. Basically, your genes don’t get to grow to their full potential because something in your environment has affected the way that you grow.
Environmental factors that affect you negatively in your growth could be allergies from food, pets or even just living in an industrialized society. All those factors make us more likely to be mouth breathers rather than the nasal breathers nature intended. When we breathe through our mouths we don’t get midface or facial development as well as we used to when we were nasal breathers.