Healthy women in their postmenopausal years are 50 percent more likely to develop obstructive sleep apnea than their premenopausal or perimenopausal counterparts, according to new findings published in the journal Menopause.

Obstructive sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that causes repeated interruptions in breathing during sleep. Individuals living with mild to moderate forms of the condition experience 30 or fewer interruptions per night, while moderate to severe cases are 30 or more interruptions per night.

Individuals with severe cases of OSA may stop breathing hundreds of times during sleep.

Researchers estimate that about 22 million Americans are living with some form of sleep apnea and that 80 percent of those have moderate to severe forms of OSA.

Many individuals living with OSA significantly underestimate the seriousness of the condition. Still, recent studies have linked the condition to an increased risk of post-surgical complications and death after surgical procedures.

Other serious side effects of the condition include a greater chance of developing high blood pressure, hardened arteries, stroke, metabolic syndrome and diabetes.

Individuals living with OSA also have a greater risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, dementia and depression.

The exact connection between OSA and menopause is unclear. Still, several studies support the link and show evidence that women often report having a more difficult time falling asleep, frequently wake throughout the night and have difficulty falling back to sleep.

The study was conducted using data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study of Aging, which collected data from 6,179 women between the ages of 45 and 60.

The study participants self-reported their menopausal status, and those had had hysterectomies were excluded from the research.

Participants completed assessments regarding a range of variables, including overall sleep satisfaction, how many hours of sleep they got per day, sleep-onset insomnia, sleep-maintenance insomnia and daytime sleepiness. Other variables included rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder, restless leg syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea.

The researchers then used linear regression analysis to compare each variable between postmenopausal, premenopausal and perimenopausal participants.

Compared with premenopausal or perimenopausal women, women who were finished with menopause were more likely to report that they needed at least 30 minutes to fall asleep compared to participants in the pre- or perimenopausal stages.

Postmenopausal women were also more likely to have OSA than other groups.

The study also revealed that there were no distinct differences between the groups when assessing sleep dissatisfaction, daytime somnolence disorder, sleep-maintenance insomnia disorder, restless leg syndrome or rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder.

The researchers in the study also noted that for many women, their insomnia symptoms began soon before and just after menopause began, which reveals a temporal link between the two conditions.

 

Source: Healio. Menopause associated with insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea risk. 18 December 2019.

Covid-19

A NOTE TO OUR PATIENTS

The well-being of our patients has always been our top priority!

Legends Dental is following the recommendations of Governor Abbott, Texas State Dental Board, ADA, as well as the CDC. We will be limiting our services effective immediately. Due to recent circumstances and for the safety and well-being of our patients, their families, and our community, we will not be performing any routine or non-urgent dental procedures at this time.

Though our office hours have been temporarily shortened, our team will continue to support anyone who may be experiencing pain and all who require an Emergency Care Visit.

If you are experiencing a dental emergency or having pain, please text our office at (254)776-0691 or call (254)799-9540 so we may get you scheduled as quickly as possible. You can also message us on Facebook.

Examples of urgent dental care treatments include:
Severe dental pain from pulpal inflammation. Surgical postoperative osteitis or dry socket dressing changes. Abscess or localized bacterial infection resulting in localized pain and swelling. Tooth fracture resulting in pain or causing soft tissue trauma. Dental treatment cementation if the temporary restoration is lost, broken or causing gingival irritation. Extensive decay or defective restorations causing pain; suture removal; denture adjustments or repairs when function impeded; and snipping or adjustments of an orthodontic wire causing pain.

Additionally, our team is here to help those affected by cancellations. We will gladly assist with rescheduling to a time that is best for you. If you have an appointment that may be affected, or would like to reschedule regardless, please call (254)799-9540 or text (254)776-0691 so we may accommodate you.

We love all our patients and look forward to being able to serve all of your dental needs as soon as possible!! Thank you for you time and understanding during these circumstances.